Greek Mythology Project

In literacy, we’ve been learning and researching about Ancient civilization specifically Ancient Greek; therefore, we were assigned to write a research report about Ancient Greek mythology and Greek god or goddess. Everyone was assigned a god/goddess to do research about and I’m the goddess of marriage, women, and childbirth, HERA. Researching about the family trees of Greek gods/goddesses were quite complicating, but managed to pull out vital information about them. Here is my research report about my goddess:


General Information

HERA was one of the goddesses of the Olympian gods. Name “HERA” derived from a baby girl’s name which means “protectress. Therefore, Hera was the queen of Greek gods with certain roles including goddess of marriage, childbirth, and women. She had super strength of immortality, resistance to injury, and since she is the goddess of marriage, she had the power to bless or curse marriages; furthermore, she also had the ability to protect women from all causes and to help preserve women’s health longer. She didn’t have the physical weapons like swords or bows, all she had was the power of her cleverness and affection. This queen of heaven was found at Mount Olympus where most gods and goddesses live.

Family and Relatives

HERA was a daughter of the Cronus and Rhea along with her siblings: Poseidon, Hades, Zeus, Hestia, and Demeter. She married to Zeus (her brother) and gave birth to five children including Eileithyia, Ares, Hebe, Hephaestus, and Eris.


HERA had been swallowed by her father, Cronus, at birth. However, she was saved by Zeus who tricked and poisoned him to vomit her out. Her siblings also suffered the same fate of getting swallowed by their father. The reason was that there had been a prophecy saying that Cronus will be deposed by his children. Therefore, to prevent that, he swallowed each and every single one of his children at birth. However, when it was Zeus’s turn, Rhea decided to switch Zeus and let Cronus swallowed a rock instead. Then, when Zeus grew up, he successfully overthrew his father and became the king of the gods. HERA didn’t have many memories during her childhood because she spent most of her time inside her father’s stomach.

Physical appearance and symbols

HERA was described as stunningly beautiful. Everything that was on her body was pure gold including her sandals, chariot, and throne. She wore a high cylindrical crown! She always dressed up elegantly, feminine, but not exotic fashion. She was serious about her appearance and no one could beat her on that; she was considered purely beautiful even topping the beauty of Aphrodite. HERA’s most known sacred animals are cuckoo and peacock. Cuckoo symbolized Zeus’s love for HERA because he disguised himself as a cuckoo as he first approached her. Since HERA was immortal, peacock exemplified immortality. Other minor symbolisms were: lily flower which is believed came from HERA’s breast milk when she gave births, pomegranate which symbolized fertility since she was the goddess of childbirth.


To honor HERA, they created a game called “Heraia” that was like Olympic, but only women can participate which is a foot-race. They celebrated every four years in August. HERA’s Roman name was JUNO. Likewise, the month “June” was named after her; furthermore, since she was the goddess of marriage, most people prefer to get married in the month of June.

Important Myth

On the other hand, there was one major myth that involved HERA. It was called the tale of HERA and Heracles or Hercules. To start, Hercules was a son of Zeus and a mortal woman named Alcmene. Since HERA was known for her vengeful character, Hercules and she never had a good relationship. She was always jealous of Zeus’s extramarital affair and illicit child and Hercules was one of them. Due to HERA’s jealousy, she made Hercules’s life miserable. She hated him so so much that she caused troubles at every opportunity. For instance, as part of his sentence, he had to do 12 labors, but HERA didn’t let it go smoothly. She stirred up the Amazons against him or sent gadfly to destroy the herd in one of his labors. After these labors, he was known for Greece’s greatest hero which increased HERA’s hatred towards him to its ultimate. Even after the labors finished, HERA always got into his way, notably, when the hero sailed the sea, she sent violent storms that cast the boat around like a toy. Hercules did try to calm situations between this angry queen and him down, but HERA doesn’t seem to lessen her anger until he died. Once Hercules died, HERA’s hatred seems to cool down, surprisingly, after he died and ascended to the Olympus, he married to Hebe, HERA’s daughter!


To sum up, HERA was one of the most respected goddesses. Despite her vengeful character, she was a symbol of fidelity because she was always faithful towards her loved ones. Once again, she was a goddess of marriage, childbirth, and women. However, don’t ever forget her vindictive characteristics!

Works Cited,,

“Appearance, Personality, and Special Abilities – Per,.3 Hera.” Google Sites,


“Goddess Symbols: Hera.” Goddess Symbols: Hera Symbols and Myths.,

“Greek Stories about Hera-The Sacred Wedding of Zeus and Hera.” Greek Gods,

“Hera’s Powers.” Hera the Supreme Goddess,

“Hera: Goddess of Love and Marriage.” Crystal Wind™,

“Queen Hera (Juno), the Olympian Goddess of Marriage.” Greek Gods,


‘The Truth Behind Human Trafficking’

If you do a google image search of “human trafficking” the majority of the images are of women.

We often refer to human trafficking as the act of abduction in the favor of prostitution, sexual exploitation, forced labor, slavery, organ removal, and many other types of exploitations. But, little do we know that it’s almost entirely inadequate to women, WOMEN and issued on sex trafficking and sexual slavery.

A phrase elders in Cambodia often said is, ‘យើងស្រី កុំស្លៀកខ្លី ដើរលេងយប់ច្រើនពេក ប្រយ័ត្នគេចាប់។’ It translated as, ‘As a woman, don’t wear too short, don’t stay out at late night or you’ll get abduct.’ This crisis intimidates women every time, every night.

Women seem to be self-publicist their appearance toward others (men) – and that’s the normal thing. There shouldn’t be any criticism upon that. However, men interpret it in a different way. It made them think that these women deserve to be one of theirs.

Late at night, along with some streets of Phnom Penh, you would see groups of motos full of men. A girl passed by, they commented unsettling comments like, ‘What a nice leg you’ve got there’, ‘Can I have your number?’. These are something women are frightened of, it doesn’t mandatory mean that human trafficking occurs. However, it’s just something to be aware of to everybody especially women.

According to UN sustainable development, some 71% of human trafficking victims are female, hence, one-third of them are girls. Women comprise a large proportion of the overall number of people trafficked, that is transferred within or across national borders from their place of habitual residence.

Besides that, approximately 80% of the overall trafficking involves sexual exploitation, and 19% involves labor exploitation. Human trafficking is the third leading crime in the world after drugs and arms trades.

‘More People had started to become migrants and refugees which is a greater risk of human trafficking.’ Corresponding to the report during UN Summit for Refugees and Migrants in New York.

Human trafficking is global; however, is almost entirely confined to women. It is the modern form of slavery. They are tricked that they’ll get a better job but result to keep as slaves.

Simultaneously, women are more likely to become the victims because we stereotyped them. There is, of course, Men trafficking in the favor of forced labor in agriculture, fishing, and construction industries. However, it’s just rare. Furthermore, we live in a world that is dominated by men, therefore, the perspective of seeing women as victims in cases like abduction, harassment, and trafficking is likely to be acknowledged.

Women, once again feel contaminated because the world is targeting them. Seeing them as the ‘victim’. Can we be more disinterested? Can we set this policy of not referring to women as victims of crimes? It’s quite disappointing to see how this contemporary world continues to portray this devastating stereotype.

“It is not surprising that women are trafficked more often than men; it is what I would have assumed. However, it is both unfortunate and disappointing. Women are taught to take care of themselves, be on the lookout, be on the defense, not trust people at first, etc. but yet they still end up being the victim of trafficking and other crimes. I think it ultimately comes down to the fact that many men are physically stronger than women, and as such, women are unable to defend themselves from the perpetrators. I also think that often there are family members who are involved or friends who gain a woman’s trust, but who are really planning to traffick her for money. Or sometimes a woman thinks she is signing up for another job, often to make money for herself and her family, when in fact, it is a hoax.” – Caroline Bell, female, Lead Learning Facilitator at the Liger Leadership Academy.

Now, let’s see male’s perspective towards this.

“When I think of the term human trafficking, in modern times, I definitely think mainly of women, but I think it goes back to slavery, which wasn’t limited to women. However, I don’t know a lot of examples in the news in the past 20-30 years of human trafficking that included men. Furthermore, I personally don’t always think of women as victims, but I think in general we live in a male-dominated society, most politicians and CEOs, etc. are male and I think that contributes to some people viewing women as victims.” – Jeff Boucher, male, Learning Facilitator at the Liger Leadership Academy.

We live in a world that is dominated by men. It has always been that way because men are physically larger and stronger. That said, I think we now live in a world where physical size and strength are not important for survival. Women are just as capable in every way. Yes, I believe that women suffer MUCH more than men when it comes to rape and human trafficking which is not a stereotype, but a fact. Men still use their physical advantage to abuse women and the worst part is that in the world most laws are created by and enforced by men so that women’s rights have not been protected. In terms of the world seeing women as victims, if that were true, then laws should change to protect them.  Many cultures (including Khmer) do not value girls and women the same as boys and men.  They do not allow them the same freedom of choosing their profession and spouse, same educational opportunities, and different expectations for them.” – Jan Krieger, male, Teacher

All these perspectives give insight into why trafficking victims are mostly female. Neither way, all purposes of women trafficking should never be considered as an existence. No one deserves to be raped, sold, captured by anyone. Furthermore, we’re not trying to convey the idea of us stereotyped women in crimes.

Currently, this topic emerges everywhere. It is a controversial and important issue. As a result, there are many campaigns and organizations that have been established to combat and convince people to fight against this tragic form of trade.

Likewise, there is a small campaign participated by some popular celebrities to stop human trafficking called, “Shine a Light on Slavery Day” which engaged hundreds of thousands of people who associated with to call to action by drawing a red “X” on their hand and posting to social media.

Alternatively, there are uncountable number of NGOs that work to combat this catastrophic crime as well. For instance, ‘Polaris’ is one of the most influential groups that works to combat human trafficking by setting policies and creating advocacies to end this modern-day form of slavery. There are way more than just described of how these NGOs care about us. We all care about you, you’re not alone. Let’s stop reading these statistics and start ending this misery. NO ONE can own anyone.

‘This could be your daughter.’

Gender Unit in Literacy

In literacy, gender equality and equity have once become our brand new unit. We used a new resource called “CommonLit” in order to read and analyze articles about gender. For instance, articles about Hillary Clinton’s speech, Emma Watson’s speech, and Afganistan’s Bacha posh have been read individually among students and separately each student took a small assessment regarding the topics. 

Literally, we almost held a class discussion every day. Discussing this and that relevant to gender. Once, we were assigned to read one article from the website called “Girl’s globe” and bring its main idea to the class discussion. Everyone in class has fully participated regardless of boys or girls to discuss this controversial topic. As a girl learning about rights that woman has now is devastating. The ideas of women not having the same rights as men do hit every girl like a sudden strike and like a big boulder creating more weight for women. 

Many relevant points were made during discussions. Bringing up the eager to fight for equal rights, so that by the end of sometimes, we can make this statement, “There WERE gender inequalities.” Plus, women are not being able to receive equal rights doesn’t mean it’s only women’s issue, but men’s as well. Without women, this world wouldn’t be able to process. 

“I hope that by 2030 we can talk about gender inequality in HISTORICAL TERMS.” – Phumzile Mlambo


The Landlady

Another reading activity! Another short story from Roald Dahl! “The Landlady”! After we finished “Lamb to the slaughter”, we got another short story waiting! It is “The Landlady”. Since we all aware that all stories in this November are something nefarious. Therefore, the landlady is a short story that talks about a young man, Billy Weaver, who is new to a company and receives a mission to go to Bath, England, which he never been before. When he arrive Bath, he was told to get a hotel called ‘Bell and Dragon’; however, something caught his attention along the way which is another pub called  ‘Bed & Breakfast’. He knocked the door and a lady appeared. She seems peculiar as well as a nice lady in this young gullible Billy’s eyes. When Billy entered the house, it seems odd that the room is already prepared for him. For a few minutes, when Billy signs the guest book, he found out that only two guests from the past three years have come here. They are Christopher Mulholland and Gregory Temple.  These two guests have something in common and that is they are on a business trip and all of a sudden……they disappeared. However, Billy couldn’t think of this information and got interrupted by the landlady to drink a cup of tea. The landlady offers Billy a cup of bitter almonds tea to Billy. For a moment, Billy drank the tea, without realizing that it has poison. After signing the guestbook, having a cup of tea, Billy asked the landlady, “Excuse my asking, but haven’t there been any other guests here except them in the last two or three years?” The story ends at this point when the landlady responded, “No, my dear, only you.”

There is also a short film that can further explain few more scenes:

Tales of the Unexpected Series 1 Episode 5 The Landlady 21 Apr 1979

We have learned a new literary device from Roald Dahl which is foreshadowing. Foreshadowing is a literary device uses to give a warning or a hint about the near future events in the book. Foreshadowing is really helpful and essential in crime fiction because it gives us clues of what is going to happen next. Roald Dahl uses foreshadowing to build expectations of what might happen next. As well as, foreshadowing add dramatic tension to the story. It conveys the ideas to the readers to get the feeling and ahead understanding of future events.

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Lamb to the slaughter

Over the course of literacy, we’ve done lots of writing and reading. For this November, NEFARIOUS November as we called it, we’re reading short stories that are nefarious and mysterious. For instance, our teacher picked Roald Dahl’s short stories to read, learn, and discuss. The first short story from Roald Dahl that we read is “Lamb to the slaughter” which talks about a story about a peaceful, calm, and innocent woman, Mary Maloney,  who is totally obsessed with her husband; however, turn out to be a guilty murderer who killed her own husband after hearing the separation that her husband wants to have between them. She murdered him with a giant big frozen lamb leg. No one knows or even thinks about the fact that she is the murderer because she is 6 months pregnant and totally a calm woman. After the murder, she created an alibi and destroyed the evidence. She makes herself totally innocent.

From this story, we have learned some literary devices from Roald Dahl which is irony. There are three types of irony including verbal, situational, and dramatic irony. We’ve analyzed why Roald Dahl used irony in stories like this. We found out that Roald Dahl is such a genius author that could bring up a short story that has lots of hidden meaning.

After reading the story, we have a Mary Maloney’s trial. We need to decide whether Mary Maloney is guilty of murder or it’s just a crime of passion causes by her insanity. We have prosecutions, defenses, Mary Maloney, Witnesses, and the jury. We need to take one of the roles in the trial which motivated me to choose the prosecution team with my another friend. We need to fight against the defense team saying that she is not insane. She is guilty of first-degree murder and has planned the whole scene. It is hard to fight as a prosecution because we all know that she is a pregnant and pregnant woman can easily get affected by something and leads to mental health imbalanced. However, there’s something inside me that encouraged me to fight and find back JUSTICE even though it’s just fake trial in a story. As a result, the jury has decided to convict Mary Maloney of first-degree murder with all of the shreds of evidence and statements stating Mary Maloney is not insane.

We the Prosecutors believe that after you, the jury, consider this you will put together right decisions so that when you go home today, you don’t feel guilty that it’s actually you who makes a man not rest in peace.” – Our team, the prosecution’s closing statement.

After doing this trial, it motivated me a lot. It made me think of justice that this world has. It made me want to change the way justice works nowadays because of the desire, the passion, the encouragement inside me that I have that can someday change the world.

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Lamb to the slaughter


Halloween Story

In our last day of literacy class before Water Festival, we decided to do something fun since it is Halloween. So, we wrote a scary story of Halloween by passing the story one by one to another friend in a big table to let them continue the story until it returns to me.  This is my story:

“It was a cold Halloween night when I saw a house full of spooky and creepy stuff with a light on-off-on-off; furthermore, with a clock ticking sound as loud as a big speaker. I walk past and see a bunch of silhouettes upon the wall with a weird shape that got my spine-chilling. Even though it looks creepy, it might be a Halloween decoration; I thought to myself. Due to my curiosity, I walk through the gate and straight to ring the bell. I got no fear that time because I think that this is my neighborhood. * Bream *Bream – the sound of the bell ring. The door suddenly opens without anyone opens it. “Welcome little girl, come on and don’t be afraid.”, said the sweetest voice from the inside. As I entered the hallway, a piece of note slides from one of the doors. It says, “Find Me!” “Are we playing hide and seek?”, I said. I heard nothing and I see nothing. I just walking with joy thinking that my neighborhood is going to make something fun on this Halloween day. This is a big house when I arrive the living room I see a doll moves on a chair back and forth; instantly, there’s a scary voice, “haa-ha–haa-ha–haa-ha” that keeps getting louder and louder. It’s not like someone laughing, it’s a REAL creepy voice. “What? A doll moves by itself? Who are you? Are you an……Annabelle just like the movie say? And where is the sound comes from?” Suddenly, cups, vases, and pictures hanging on the wall start dropping and windows and doors keep close-open-close-open without anyone. “Get away from me, take my candies, and let me go.”, I shouted. I literally stuck in that house don’t know anything to do. The light goes off, I fainted, and I’m gone. STOP! I realize I’m just watching a movie about A girl in a Halloween house. In a moment, I look around and I noticed that I’m exactly in that same house with the same scene going on. I SCREAM so hard and SHOUT for help. STOP! I woke up from my dream and it’s 10:00 in the morning. “Happy Halloween my Dear!”, a warm welcome from everyone.”

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In our literacy class, we have one big project is to write a narrative essay about our coming of age moment. This narrative essay is about describing a moment where you feel like you’ve become an adult. The time that you feel like you have reached the age when you can act independently and have a mature mindset. I have written a 4-pages long narrative essay with one moment that is personal that I felt like I’m old enough to think and it’s when my maturity started to grow. This wordle is the highlight of the narrative essay that I’ve done:

Things that do not belong or meant to be with me won’t stay with me. Therefore, I need to find people or things or whatever that belong and meant to be with me. Soon after, I will somehow lose everything and get out of here because of my absence in life, so while I still have a presence here, continue living because life’s a one time offer, I’ll use it well.  Thanks to those who had present in my life and forgot those who absent in my life.